Tambalacoque Sideroxylon Grandiflorum: Unveiling the Enigmatic Taste of the Dodo’s Favorite Fruit

The Tambalacoque, also known as Sideroxylon grandiflorum, is a tree native to Mauritius, an island in the Indian Ocean. This tree is most famous for its association with the now-extinct Dodo bird, which was believed to have been a primary consumer of its fruit. The Dodo’s extinction led to a significant decline in the Tambalacoque population, leading to the belief that the tree’s seeds required passage through the Dodo’s digestive system to germinate. But what about the taste of this enigmatic fruit? Let’s delve into the intriguing world of the Tambalacoque and its fruit.

The Tambalacoque Tree and Its Fruit

The Tambalacoque is a large, slow-growing tree that can reach up to 20 meters in height. Its fruit is a hard-shelled, round drupe that is about 4 cm in diameter. The fruit’s outer shell is tough and woody, protecting the seed inside. The fruit is green when unripe, turning brown as it matures.

The Taste of Tambalacoque Fruit

Given the hard, woody shell of the Tambalacoque fruit, it’s not something that humans can easily bite into. The fruit’s flesh is not typically consumed by humans, and there are no well-documented accounts of its taste. However, it’s believed that the fruit may have a somewhat bitter taste, given its high tannin content. The seed inside, once extracted, is said to have a nutty flavor.

The Dodo and the Tambalacoque

The Dodo bird, a flightless bird native to Mauritius, was believed to be a primary consumer of the Tambalacoque fruit. The Dodo’s strong beak could easily crack open the hard shell of the fruit, allowing it to consume the nutritious seed inside. Some scientists believe that the passage of the seed through the Dodo’s digestive system was necessary for its germination, a theory known as endozoochory.

Conservation Efforts

With the extinction of the Dodo, the Tambalacoque tree faced a significant decline. However, recent conservation efforts have helped to increase the tree’s population. These efforts include manually scarifying the seeds (mimicking the action of the Dodo’s digestive system) to aid in germination, and planting new trees in protected areas.


While the taste of the Tambalacoque fruit remains somewhat of a mystery, its story is deeply intertwined with the history of the Dodo bird. The tree’s survival and the ongoing conservation efforts serve as a reminder of the intricate relationships within ecosystems and the impact of species extinction.